Home Tailgating gear Tailgating Gear: Miami Dolphins Store Essentials

Tailgating Gear: Miami Dolphins Store Essentials

Tailgating Gear: Miami Dolphins Store Essentials

Tailgating has become a staple activity for football enthusiasts across the country. Whether it’s before a college game or an NFL matchup, fans gather in stadium parking lots to celebrate their team spirit and enjoy pre-game festivities. In order to fully immerse themselves in this experience, Miami Dolphins fans need to have the right tailgating gear essentials from the official team store.

For instance, imagine a group of die-hard Miami Dolphins fans arriving at Hard Rock Stadium hours before kickoff. They set up their tailgate area with chairs, tables, and a portable grill adorned with the iconic dolphin logo. As they eagerly anticipate the game, they proudly display their Miami Dolphins jerseys and hats that were purchased from the team store. Without these essential items, their tailgating experience would be incomplete.

In this article, we will explore the must-have tailgating gear available at the Miami Dolphins store. From grilling accessories to team apparel and decorations, we will delve into how these items enhance the overall fan experience on game day. So whether you are a seasoned tailgater or new to the world of pre-game celebrations, read on to discover all the essentials needed to make your next Miami Dolphins tailgate unforgettable.

Grilling Equipment: Must-Have Tools for Game Day

Imagine this scenario: you and your friends are gathered in the parking lot, eagerly preparing for a Miami Dolphins game. The aroma of sizzling burgers wafts through the air as fans clad in team colors gather around portable grills, engaging in lively conversations about their favorite players and predictions for the upcoming match. In order to fully embrace this tailgating experience, having the right grilling equipment is essential.

Firstly, let us consider the importance of quality Grilling Utensils. A sturdy spatula with a long handle allows for easy flipping of juicy hamburgers and tender hot dogs without risking any burns or mishaps. Additionally, durable tongs provide precision when handling delicate items such as shrimp skewers or vegetable kebabs. These tools not only enhance safety but also contribute to an efficient cooking process that ensures everyone receives their food piping hot.

Moreover, investing in a reliable grill thermometer eliminates any guesswork regarding meat doneness. By accurately measuring internal temperatures, it guarantees perfectly cooked steaks and ribs every time. This attention to detail showcases your culinary prowess while ensuring that fellow fans receive a delectable meal they won’t soon forget.

To further emphasize the significance of these grilling essentials, here is a bullet point list highlighting their key benefits:

  • Enhanced safety during cooking
  • Efficient and precise food preparation
  • Consistently well-cooked meats
  • Impressive display of culinary skills

Furthermore, we can visualize how these tools work together by considering the following table:

Grilling Utensil Function
Spatula Flipping burgers and hot dogs
Tongs Handling delicate items
Grill Thermometer Ensuring proper meat doneness

As passionate sports enthusiasts ourselves, we understand that tailgating is more than just about eating; it’s about creating unforgettable memories and fostering a sense of camaraderie. By equipping yourself with the right grilling equipment, you not only ensure a delicious meal but also elevate the overall tailgating experience.

Transitioning seamlessly to the subsequent section about “Coolers: Keep Your Beverages Ice Cold at the Stadium,” it becomes evident that maintaining refreshing drinks is equally crucial for an enjoyable game day.

Coolers: Keep Your Beverages Ice Cold at the Stadium

Tailgating Gear: Miami Dolphins Store Essentials

As you prepare for a thrilling game day experience, having the right grilling equipment is essential to create mouthwatering food that will leave your fellow fans in awe. Imagine this scenario: You arrive at the tailgate party with all the necessary ingredients for your famous barbecue ribs. However, without proper grilling tools, your culinary masterpiece might not live up to its full potential.

To ensure you have everything you need, here are some must-have grilling tools that will take your tailgating experience to the next level:

  1. Grill Brush – Keep your grill clean and ready for cooking by removing any residue or debris from previous meals.
  2. BBQ Tongs – Achieve precise control when flipping burgers or sausages on the hot grill surface.
  3. Meat Thermometer – Ensure your meats reach their optimal internal temperature and avoid undercooking or overcooking.
  4. Grilling Spatula – Easily flip delicate foods like fish fillets or vegetables without sacrificing their presentation.

Now let’s delve into a comparison of different grilling utensil sets available in the market today:

Utensil Set Price Range Number of Pieces
A $20-$30 5
B $40-$50 7
C $60-$70 9
D $80-$90 11

As we can see, there are various options to choose from based on both price range and number of pieces included. Consider factors such as durability, material quality, and specific utensils needed before making an informed decision.

In summary, having top-quality grilling equipment is vital for a successful tailgating experience. With a well-maintained grill and the right utensils, you can confidently cook delicious meals that will impress your fellow Miami Dolphins fans. So fire up those grills and get ready to indulge in some mouthwatering game day delicacies.

As we explore more essentials for a perfect tailgating experience, let’s now turn our attention to an item that provides both shelter and protection from the elements – tents. Stay shaded and prepared for any weather conditions as you cheer on your favorite team!

Tents: Stay Shaded and Protected from the Elements

Tailgating Gear: Miami Dolphins Store Essentials

Transitioning smoothly from our previous discussion on coolers, let us now turn our attention to another essential item for any successful tailgating experience – tents. Whether you are a dedicated fan or simply enjoy socializing in an outdoor setting, having a tent can greatly enhance your tailgate party. Let’s consider how tents provide shade and protection during unpredictable weather conditions.

Imagine this scenario: You arrive at the stadium parking lot early in the morning, excitedly preparing for a day of football festivities with fellow fans. Suddenly, dark clouds roll in overhead, threatening rain showers that could potentially dampen your spirits (quite literally). This is where a tent becomes invaluable – not only does it shield you from rainfall but also provides respite from scorching sun rays during those hot midday games.

To emphasize the importance of tents further, here are four reasons why they should be included as part of your tailgating gear:

  • Protection against adverse weather conditions such as wind, rain, or excessive sunlight.
  • A designated space for gathering with friends and family before entering the stadium.
  • Adds an element of privacy by defining boundaries for your tailgate area.
  • Can serve as a central hub for food preparation and storage.

Now, let’s explore these benefits through a visual representation using a table:

Benefits Description
Protection Shields you from adverse weather conditions like rain, wind, and sun
Socialization Provides a designated space to gather with friends and family
Privacy Defines boundaries around your tailgate area
Convenience Offers a centralized location for food prep and storage

As we conclude our discussion on the significance of tents in creating an optimal tailgating experience, it is evident that these structures play a vital role in ensuring both comfort and convenience. Next, we will delve into another essential item – tables – which provide a convenient space for food and drinks.

With tents offering protection and socialization benefits, let us now explore how tables can enhance the overall functionality of your tailgate setup.

Tables: Create a Convenient Space for Food and Drinks

Building on the idea of creating a comfortable and protected space while tailgating, let’s now explore another essential item for your Miami Dolphins store experience—tables. By providing a convenient surface for food and drinks, tables can greatly enhance your overall tailgating setup.

Paragraph 1:
Imagine this scenario: you and your friends have set up your tent to shield yourselves from the elements, but there is nowhere to place the delicious spread of grilled burgers, refreshing beverages, and savory snacks. This is where tables come in handy. With a sturdy table at hand, you can create an organized space that not only allows easy access to food and drinks but also encourages social interaction among fellow fans. Whether it’s a folding table or a portable picnic table with built-in seating options, having one ensures that everyone has a spot to gather around during pre-game festivities.

  • Convenience: Tables provide a designated area for serving and enjoying meals.
  • Organization: They help keep food and drinks neatly arranged, reducing clutter.
  • Socialization: Having a central gathering point promotes camaraderie among tailgaters.
  • Versatility: Tables can be used for various activities such as playing games or displaying team merchandise.

Paragraph 2 (Table):
To better illustrate the versatility of tables in tailgating setups, consider the following comparison:

Feature Folding Table Portable Picnic Table
Size Compact Larger size
Portability Easy to carry Requires more space
Seating Options No additional seats Built-in benches
Weight Capacity Limited weight support Higher weight capacity

This side-by-side comparison highlights how different types of tables offer distinct features based on individual needs. While folding tables excel in terms of portability, portable picnic tables provide ample seating options and a larger surface area.

Paragraph 3:
Incorporating tables into your Miami Dolphins store essentials not only enhances the functionality of your tailgating experience but also adds an element of convenience. A well-placed table can serve as a hub for socializing, organizing food and drinks, and accommodating various activities during pre-game celebrations. With this crucial piece in place, let’s now move on to another key aspect: comfortable seating options for tailgating.

As we shift our focus to the importance of comfortable seating at tailgate parties, it becomes evident that chairs play a vital role in ensuring everyone can relax and enjoy their time together.

Chairs: Comfortable Seating Options for Tailgating

Tailgating Gear: Miami Dolphins Store Essentials

In the previous section, we discussed the importance of having tables at your tailgate party to create a convenient space for food and drinks. Now let’s explore some essential features of tailgating tables that can enhance your overall experience.

To illustrate the significance of choosing the right table, imagine this scenario: You arrive at the parking lot with all your delicious game day snacks ready to be enjoyed, but there is no suitable surface to set them on. Without a sturdy and spacious table, you may find yourself struggling to balance plates on your lap or using makeshift surfaces like coolers or car hoods. This not only hampers convenience but also risks spills and accidents.

To ensure an enjoyable tailgating experience, consider these key factors when selecting a table:

  • Durability: Look for tables made from high-quality materials that are resistant to outdoor conditions such as rain or UV rays.
  • Size: Determine the appropriate dimensions based on the number of people attending your tailgate party and the amount of food and beverages you plan to serve.
  • Portability: Opt for foldable tables that are easy to transport and store in your vehicle.
  • Additional Features: Some tables come with built-in cup holders, storage compartments, or adjustable heights, offering added functionality.

Now let’s take a moment to visualize how investing in a well-designed table can elevate your tailgating setup. Imagine unfolding a sleek black table adorned with the vibrant colors and logo of the Miami Dolphins—a true representation of team spirit. On this spacious surface, neatly arranged rows of mouth-watering dishes await hungry fans who gather around it eagerly. As laughter fills the air amidst friendly banter about game predictions, everyone appreciates the thoughtfulness behind this functional centerpiece that enhances their overall enjoyment.

As we move forward in our exploration of tailgating essentials, next up, we will delve into the importance of having utensils that are essential tools for cooking and serving. By equipping yourself with these necessary items, you can ensure a seamless culinary experience during your tailgate party while proudly displaying your Miami Dolphins team spirit.


Utensils: Essential Tools for Cooking and Serving

Section: Grilling Accessories: Enhancing the Tailgating Experience

Imagine this scenario: You and your friends are gathered at a Miami Dolphins tailgate party, enjoying delicious food and cheering for your favorite team. To take your tailgating experience to the next level, it’s essential to have the right grilling accessories. From spatulas to marinade injectors, these tools can make a significant difference in preparing mouthwatering meals that will impress everyone around you.

When it comes to grilling accessories, there are several must-have items that no avid tailgater should be without:

  • Grill brush: Keep your grill clean and ready for cooking with a durable grill brush. Its sturdy bristles help remove residue and grease from previous cookouts, ensuring optimal heat distribution and preventing any unwanted flavors from transferring onto your food.
  • Meat thermometer: Achieving the perfect doneness is crucial when grilling meat. A reliable meat thermometer allows you to monitor internal temperatures accurately, guaranteeing juicy steaks or perfectly cooked chicken every time.
  • BBQ gloves: Protect your hands from burns while handling hot grill surfaces or flipping sizzling burgers with heat-resistant BBQ gloves. These gloves provide dexterity and grip, allowing you to handle food safely without sacrificing comfort.
  • Grill light: Extend your tailgating festivities into the evening hours with a Portable Grill light. This handy accessory ensures visibility while cooking in low-light conditions, so you can continue grilling even after sunset.

To illustrate the importance of these grilling accessories, let’s consider a hypothetical situation. Imagine forgetting your trusty meat thermometer at home during a game-day gathering. Without it, determining whether those hamburgers are cooked through becomes challenging guesswork – resulting in potential disappointment or even undercooked meat.

Now imagine having all the necessary grilling tools neatly organized on an efficient table setup adorned with vibrant Miami Dolphins decorations. The enticing aroma of sizzling steaks fills the air, while friends and fellow fans gather around to enjoy a delicious meal. This picture-perfect tailgating scene is made possible by having the right grilling accessories at your disposal.

Incorporating these essential tools into your tailgating gear ensures that you can confidently cook up mouthwatering meals for yourself and your guests. So, next time you head out to support the Miami Dolphins, don’t forget to equip yourself with these indispensable grilling accessories.

Transitioning seamlessly into our next section about portable grills, let’s explore how these compact cooking devices can further enhance your on-the-go culinary adventures.

Portable Grill: Compact and Easy-to-Use for On-the-Go Cooking

Utensils play a crucial role in tailgating, as they are essential tools for cooking and serving food. A well-prepared set of utensils ensures that you can effortlessly whip up your favorite dishes and serve them to your fellow Miami Dolphins fans. Let’s delve into the various utensils that should be on your checklist.

One example of a must-have utensil is the versatile spatula. This handy tool allows you to flip burgers, steaks, or even veggie patties with ease, ensuring perfectly cooked meals every time. Its long handle provides a comfortable grip while keeping you at a safe distance from the heat of the grill.

To make sure you have everything covered, here is a list of other indispensable utensils:

  • Tongs: Ideal for grabbing and turning meats or vegetables on the grill.
  • Serving spoons: Essential for dishing out portions of sides or salads onto plates.
  • Cutting board: Convenient surface for slicing fruits, vegetables, or any other ingredients that may need preparation before grilling.
  • Can opener: Don’t let those canned goods go to waste; be prepared with this useful tool.

Now let’s take a closer look at these items in an easy-to-read table format:

Utensil Function
Spatula Flipping grilled food
Tongs Turning meats/veggies
Serving spoons Portioning side dishes
Cutting board Preparing ingredients
Can opener Opening canned goods

With this array of utensils at your disposal, you’ll be equipped to tackle any culinary challenge during your tailgate party. From flipping juicy burgers to elegantly plating vibrant side dishes, these tools will elevate your cooking skills and impress everyone around.

As we move forward, our focus shifts towards another important aspect of successful tailgating—keeping your food fresh and your drinks chilled. Ice packs are the key to achieving this, ensuring that perishable items stay at a safe temperature while you enjoy the game and festivities. So let’s explore how ice packs can be your trusted companion for maintaining optimal food quality during your Miami Dolphins tailgate experience.

Ice Packs: Keep Your Food Fresh and Drinks Chilled

Tailgating events are a great way for fans to come together and support their favorite sports teams. In the previous section, we discussed the importance of having a portable grill for on-the-go cooking at tailgate parties. Now let’s move on to another essential item that can enhance your tailgating experience: ice packs.

Imagine this scenario: you arrive at the parking lot outside the stadium hours before kickoff, ready to set up your tailgate party. You unpack all your delicious food and refreshing drinks from your cooler, only to realize that they have started losing their freshness and coolness. This is where ice packs become invaluable. By placing these frozen gel packs in your cooler alongside the perishable items, you can maintain their temperature and keep them fresh throughout the pre-game festivities.

Why should you consider using ice packs for your next tailgating event? Let’s explore some key reasons:

  • Convenience: Ice packs are compact and easy to store in your cooler or backpack.
  • Reusability: Unlike bags of ice that melt quickly, most ice packs can be reused multiple times.
  • Versatility: Ice packs are not limited to just keeping food fresh; they can also help chill beverages effectively.
  • Safety: Using ice packs reduces the risk of cross-contamination compared to loose ice.

To further illustrate the benefits of using ice packs at tailgate parties, here is a comparison table highlighting various features:

Feature Bags of Ice Ice Packs
Melting Rate Fast Slow
Reusability Not reusable Reusable
Space Efficiency Bulky Compact
Contamination Risk High Low

As seen in the table above, by opting for ice packs instead of traditional bags of ice, you can enjoy longer-lasting cooling effects while minimizing inconveniences and potential hazards.

In conclusion, ice packs are an essential item for any tailgating event. They offer convenience, reusability, versatility, and safety advantages over bags of ice. By incorporating ice packs into your cooler setup, you can ensure that your food stays fresh and drinks remain chilled throughout the festivities.

Camping Stove: Cook Delicious Meals Away from Home

Tailgating Gear: Miami Dolphins Store Essentials

When it comes to tailgating, one essential item that should not be overlooked is ice packs. These handy cooling tools serve a dual purpose of keeping your food fresh and your drinks chilled throughout the event. Imagine this scenario: You arrive at the parking lot hours before kickoff, ready to enjoy some pre-game festivities with fellow fans. As you unpack your cooler filled with delicious snacks and beverages, you realize that without proper cooling mechanisms, your perishable items would quickly spoil under the scorching sun.

To avoid such a disappointing situation, investing in high-quality ice packs can make all the difference. These simple yet effective accessories are designed to maintain low temperatures for extended periods, ensuring that your food stays safe to consume and your drinks remain refreshing throughout the entire tailgating experience.

Here are four reasons why ice packs are indispensable additions to any Miami Dolphins fan’s tailgating gear:

  • Preserve freshness: Ice packs help keep perishable foods like sandwiches, salads, and dips cold, preventing bacterial growth and maintaining their quality until it’s time to indulge.
  • Ensure drink satisfaction: There’s nothing worse than warm soda or beer on a hot game day. With ice packs strategically placed inside coolers or beverage containers, you can guarantee icy-cold refreshments from start to finish.
  • Avoid waterlogged packaging: Unlike traditional ice cubes or loose ice, which melt into messy pools of water as they thaw out, ice packs stay contained within their designated compartments. This means no more soggy food packages or drenched supplies during transport.
  • Versatility: Ice packs come in various sizes and shapes, allowing for flexibility in storage arrangements while optimizing cooling efficiency based on specific needs.

Table – Common Types of Ice Packs:

Type Description Benefits
Gel-filled Flexible and moldable, ideal for odd-shaped items or containers with limited space. Customizable cooling solutions
Reusable Made of durable materials that can be refrozen after use. Cost-effective and eco-friendly
Instant Activated by squeezing, these packs rapidly cool down without the need for freezing beforehand. Quick and convenient cooling
Disposable Single-use packs that require no maintenance or cleanup. Hassle-free convenience

By incorporating ice packs into your tailgating gear, you not only ensure food safety but also enhance overall enjoyment during Miami Dolphins games. With their ability to preserve freshness, maintain drink satisfaction, prevent waterlogged packaging, and offer versatile options, ice packs prove to be indispensable companions for any dedicated fan’s pre-game festivities.

Now let’s delve into another essential item that adds convenience to your tailgating experience – the folding table.

Folding Table: Easy to Transport and Set Up for Tailgating

Tailgating Gear: Miami Dolphins Store Essentials

In addition to a camping stove, another essential item for your tailgating experience is a folding table. A folding table provides convenience and ease when it comes to setting up and transporting your equipment. Whether you need a surface to prepare food or display snacks and drinks, a folding table is an indispensable tool for any tailgate party.

Section – Folding Table: Easy to Transport and Set Up for Tailgating:

To illustrate the importance of a folding table, let’s consider an example. Imagine you are hosting a tailgate party with friends before attending a Miami Dolphins game at Hard Rock Stadium. You have all the necessary ingredients to make delicious sandwiches, but without a proper surface to assemble them on, it becomes challenging to organize everything efficiently. However, with the aid of a folding table, you can easily set up your sandwich-making station and ensure that all toppings and condiments are within reach.

A folding table offers several advantages for tailgaters:

  • Portability: These tables are designed to be lightweight and compact, making them easy to transport in your vehicle.
  • Convenience: With their collapsible design, folding tables can be quickly assembled and disassembled, saving time during setup and cleanup.
  • Stability: Despite being foldable, these tables offer sturdy support for various items such as food trays, coolers, or even portable grills.
  • Versatility: The tabletops of folding tables come in different sizes and materials like plastic or aluminum, allowing you to choose one that suits your specific needs.
Advantages of Folding Tables

Having a reliable folding table ensures that you have:

  • An organized space for food preparation
  • A designated area for displaying snacks and drinks
  • Easy access to utensils, napkins, and condiments
  • A stable surface for board games or other tailgate activities

With a folding table in place, you can now move on to another essential item for your tailgating experience: camping chairs. These lightweight and portable seating solutions provide comfort while enjoying the pre-game festivities with fellow Miami Dolphins fans.

Camping Chairs: Lightweight and Portable Seating Solutions

Tailgating Gear: Miami Dolphins Store Essentials

As you gear up for the ultimate tailgate experience supporting your favorite team, having comfortable seating options is essential. While a folding table provides a sturdy surface for food preparation and socializing, camping chairs offer lightweight and portable seating solutions that allow you to relax in style. Let’s explore the various benefits of camping chairs and how they enhance the overall tailgating experience.

Imagine this scenario: It’s a sunny game day in Miami, and you’re surrounded by fellow Dolphins fans eagerly awaiting kickoff. You unfold your compact camping chair with ease, finding it remarkably simple to carry due to its lightweight design. As you settle into your seat, the breathable mesh fabric keeps you cool under the blazing Florida sun. With an adjustable backrest providing customizable comfort, you can find the perfect angle to watch all the pre-game excitement while sipping on a refreshing beverage.

To further illustrate the advantages of camping chairs, consider these key features:

  • Portability: Camping chairs are designed to be easily transported from one location to another. They often come with carrying bags or straps that make them convenient to bring along to any tailgating event.
  • Durability: Built with sturdy frames made from materials like aluminum or steel, camping chairs can withstand regular use without sacrificing their structural integrity.
  • Versatility: Whether you prefer sitting upright or reclining back after indulging in delicious grilled treats, most camping chairs offer adjustable positions to accommodate personal comfort preferences.
  • Style Options: From classic foldable designs to innovative models with built-in cup holders and storage pockets, there is a wide range of styles available to suit individual tastes.

To give a visual representation of some popular camping chair options available at the Miami Dolphins store, here is a comparison table showcasing four different models:

Model Weight Capacity Material Price
Classic Foldable 250 lbs Polyester fabric $29.99
Deluxe Recliner 300 lbs Breathable mesh $49.99
Compact Backpack 200 lbs Nylon $39.99
Oversized Padded 350 lbs Faux leather $59.99

With the right camping chair, you can enjoy all the pre-game festivities and cheer on your team in comfort and style. So why settle for hard bleachers or uncomfortable seating options when tailgating? Invest in a quality camping chair that meets your needs and adds an extra level of enjoyment to your game day experience.

Transitioning into the next section about the importance of keeping your grill clean and ready to use, let’s explore another essential item for successful tailgating:

Grill Brush: Keep Your Grill Clean and Ready to Use

As you prepare for an exciting tailgating experience supporting the Miami Dolphins, it’s crucial to equip yourself with all the necessary essentials. In addition to comfortable seating options like camping Chairs, another must-have item is a reliable grill brush. Ensuring your grill remains clean and ready for use not only enhances the taste of your grilled delicacies but also prolongs the lifespan of your equipment.


To illustrate the importance of maintaining a clean grill, consider this hypothetical scenario. Imagine arriving at the tailgate party full of excitement, ready to indulge in some delicious barbecued food. However, upon opening the lid of your grill, you are confronted with charred remnants from previous cookouts. The unpleasant sight makes it evident that neglecting regular cleaning has compromised both hygiene and flavor. By incorporating a quality grill brush into your arsenal, such as those available at the Miami Dolphins store, you can avoid encountering such situations while guaranteeing tasty meals throughout the season.

  • Efficient Cleaning: A high-quality grill brush ensures efficient removal of grease build-up and burnt residue.
  • Longevity Preservation: Regularly cleaning your grill helps prevent rust formation and extends its overall lifespan.
  • Enhanced Flavor: Removing old food debris allows new dishes to be cooked evenly without any lingering off-flavors.
  • Hygienic Cooking Environment: Thoroughly cleaned grills minimize potential health hazards by eliminating bacteria growth.

In addition to these benefits, utilizing a suitable grill brush also provides convenience during post-tailgate cleanup sessions. To give you a clear overview of various grill brush options available in the Miami Dolphins store, refer to the following table:

Grill Brush Model Features Price
Dolphin Deluxe Brass Bristles, 18 inches $19.99
AquaClean Pro Stainless Steel, Heat Resistant Handle $24.99
Tailgate Master Triple Head Brush, Scraper Blade $29.99
UltraGrip Elite Nylon Bristles, Long Handle, Non-slip Grip $34.99

The selection of a suitable grill brush largely depends on personal preferences and budget considerations but remember that investing in a reliable option will yield long-term benefits.

In conclusion, incorporating a dependable grill brush into your tailgating gear collection is essential for maintaining hygiene, enhancing flavor, and extending the lifespan of your equipment. By choosing from a range of models offered at the Miami Dolphins store like the Dolphin Deluxe or UltraGrip Elite, you can ensure hassle-free grilling experiences while supporting your favorite team amidst an amazing tailgating atmosphere